An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc., usually as some form of binary object.
Authoring and Conversion Note: Although, in theory, the position attribute of this element may be used to indicate whether this element must be anchored at its exact location within the text or whether it may float, it is usually good practice to anchor graphics. The few graphics that are really floating loose in text should be anchored there, and all the graphics inside figures, tables, etc. should be anchored as well, although the outer structure (figure, boxed-text) may be allowed to float.
Authoring and Conversion Note: Internal Elements, such as <caption>, should always be used at the highest possible level; in other words, if a Graphic <graphic> element is inside a Figure <fig>, the <caption>, <long-desc>, etc. should be part of the Figure, not part of the Graphic. Use a <caption> element on a Graphic only when the graphic is not enclosed in any other structure or when a figure contains multiple graphics, each of which must have a <caption>. Similarly, the Position attribute should not be used on a <graphic> that is inside a larger display container such as a Paragraph <p>.
Any combination of:
<article> <front>... </front> <body>... <sec> <title>Study appraisal and extraction of data</title> ... <p>We identified ... Details of randomisation procedures, treatment schedules, and numbers of patients followed up are given on the <italic>BMJ</italic> website.</p> <fig id="F1"> <caption> <p>Deaths among patients receiving day hospital care or alternative services. Odds ratios of death by end of follow up were calculated by fixed effects model. Heterogeneity between trials is presented as χ<sup>2</sup></p> </caption> <alt-text>Deaths hospital/alternative services</alt-text> <graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="fors2662.f1" alt-version="yes"/> </fig> ...</sec> </body> ...</article>