Table (XHTML table model)

The rows and columns part of a full table. The standard XHTML table model has been used to take advantage of existing software for table handling. For more complete information on this table model, see the documentation for the XHTML table model.

Note: This element contains only the rows and columns of the table, which is typically just part of what would be called a “table” in print or display. A full table might also include a table number (label), a table title, a table caption, table notes and footnotes, introductory paragraphs, etc., so a full table is tagged using the <table-wrap> element. IF the complex table contains rows and columns, <table-wrap> will contain a <table> as well as other content.)


For a detailed discussion on the table formatting, see Table Formatting. For a detailed discussion on the use of <table>s inside <table-wrap> and for related groups of tables, see Table, Table Wrapper, and Table Group.

The standard XHMTL model has been modified to remove the <caption> element from within the <table> element, because, in the base Suite, the <caption> element has been made part of the Table Wrapper<table-wrap> element.

Historical Note: CALS Tables — As part of the 0.1 version of this Tag Set, the OASIS Interchange (CALS) table model was also included in the Suite, to prove that it was possible, though not easy, to include two different table models, by using pseudo-namespaces with a fixed prefix to differentiate any name clashes. Since there were indeed name clashes, the XHTML model was taken as primary (no name spaces) and the OASIS Exchange CALS model was set up to use pseudo-namespaces (prefix “oasis”. Although the OASIS/CALS model has been removed from this Tag Set, the modules to include the OASIS/CALS model in the Tag Set are still shipped with the base Suite. For organizations that choose to use the OASIS model instead of or in addition to the XHTML table model, there is a separate http://dtd.nlm.nih.gov/options/OASIS/tag-library/19990315/index.htmlTag Library describing the OASIS elements, attributes, and parameter entities.

The following changes were made to the OASIS table model:

No other changes were made to the OASIS table content model.


border Border (Frame) around a Table (XHTML table model)
cellpadding Cell Padding (XHTML table model)
cellspacing Cell Spacing (XHTML table model)
content-type Type of Content
frame Frame (XHTML table model)
id Identifier
rules Rules (XHTML table model)
style Style (XHTML table model; MathML 2.0 Tag Set)
summary Summary (XHTML table model)
width Width (XHTML table model; MathML 2.0 Tag Set)

Related Elements

The <table> element is an element defined by a public table model such as the XHTML table model. This element is not, in itself, a full table, but only the rows and columns portions of a table. A full table may have other features, such as a title, caption, table footnotes, etc. The <table-wrap> element contains the full table. A full table may or may not include a <table> element within it, since other constructions, such as two-part lists, may also be given table titles, captions, etc.

Expanded Content Model

((col* | colgroup*), 
((thead?, tfoot?, tbody+) | (tr+)))


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<alternatives>, <table-wrap>


<table-wrap id="TN0.170">
<p>Numbers of patients receiving institutional
care at the end of scheduled follow up and
use of hospital beds among those allocated
to day hospital or alternative services</p>
<th colspan="3" align="center"
rowspan="1">Institutional care</th>
<th colspan="2" align="center"
rowspan="1">&#x2003;Bed use (days)</th>
<td colspan="3"><hr/></td>
<td colspan="2"><hr/></td>
<tr><th>Control group</th>
<th align="center">Day hospital</th>
<th align="center">Control</th>
<th align="center">Odds ratio (95&#x0025; CI)</th>
<th align="center">Day hospital</th>
<th align="center">Control</th>
<td colspan="7"><hr/></td></tr>
<td>Comprehensive care (5 trials)</td>
<td align="center">151/597<xref ref-type="table-fn"
<td align="center">159/584</td>
<td align="center">0.91 (0.70 to 1.19)</td>
<td align="center">20.5</td>
<td align="center">21.4</td></tr>
<td>Domiciliary care (4 trials)</td>
<td align="center">20/216</td>
<td align="center">&#x2002;19/227</td>
<td align="center">1.61 (0.30 to 8.55)</td>
<td align="center">&#x2002;7.7</td>
<td align="center">11.1</td>
<td>No comprehensive care (3 trials)</td>
<td align="center">37/411</td>
<td align="center">&#x2002;66/403</td>
<td align="center">0.50<xref ref-type="table-fn"
rid="TF1-151"></xref> (0.26 to 0.96)</td>
<td align="center">11.2</td>
<td align="center">11.7</td>
<td align="center">208/1224</td>
<td align="center">244/1214</td>
<td align="center">0.77 (0.52 to 1.13)</td>
<td align="center">15.0</td><td align="center">16.4</td>
<fn id="TF1-150"><p>Data not available for 1 trial.</p></fn>
<fn id="TF1-151"><p>P&#x003C;0.05 (random effects model).</p></fn>