Front Matter


The metadata for an article, such as the name and issue of the journal in which the article appears and the author(s) of the article


In some journal Tag Sets, this information is called the “header information” or “journal header”. Such a header usually includes the metadata concerning the journal itself (in this Suite tagged as <journal-meta>), as well as metadata concerning the issue of the journal and the individual article (which in this Suite are both found in the element <article-meta>).

Related Elements

A journal article <article> may be divided into several components:

  1. the Front Matter (the article metadata or header information, which contains both journal and article metadata);
  2. the Body of the Article (the textual and graphical content of the article);
  3. any Back Matter (any ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix);
  4. a Floats Wrapper (single container element some publishers and archives use to hold all floating elements such as figures and tables that are referenced in the article body or back matter); and
  5. either a series of Response elements (A response is a commentary on the article itself.) or a series of Sub-article elements (Sub-articles are smaller articles completely contained within the article.).

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  front        %front-model;                                >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<article> Article; <response> Response; <sub-article> Sub-article

Tagged Example

<journal-id journal-id-type="pmc">BMJ</journal-id>
<journal-id journal-id-type="pubmed">BMJ</journal-id>
<journal-id journal-id-type="publisher">BR MED J</journal-id>
<abbrev-journal-title>BR MED J</abbrev-journal-title>
<publisher-name>British Medical Journal</publisher-name>
<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">10092260</article-id>
<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care for elderly
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names></name>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>a</italic></sup></xref></contrib>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>John G.</given-names></name>
<role>consultant physician</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>a</italic></sup></xref>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Peter Parker ("Spider")</given-names></name>
<role>senior lecturer</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>b</italic></sup></xref>
<author-comment><p>on behalf of the Day Hospital Group</p>
<aff><sup><italic>a</italic></sup>Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5
0NA, <sup><italic>b</italic></sup>Academic Section
of Geriatric Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G4 0SF</aff>
<fn fn-type="con">
<p>Contributors: AF planned and initiated the
<fn><p>Correspondence to: Dr Forster
<pub-date pub-type="pub">
<date date-type="accepted">
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British Medical