One exchange (a single “speech”) in a real or imaginary conversation between two or more entities, for example, between an interviewer and the person being interviewed, between a nurse (or doctor) and a patient, between a person and a computer, etc. Each time a new speaker takes over, a new <speech> starts, which names the speaker (<speaker>) and then contains one or more paragraphs (<p>) that hold what speaker said.
This Tag Set did not model an over-arching container element (such as a dialog or exchange) to contain a complete exchange between two parties, because there are so many different ways in which speeches are contained in observed journal samples. Therefore, in this Suite, a speech is not part of any particular larger element structure; a speech is just one identified fragment of the whole conversation.
Conversion Note: In the circumstance in which many voices are heard as one, for example, “All the Kings Men” or “Tom and Jerry”, the combination is considered to be a single speaker.
<!ELEMENT speech %speech-model; >
<abstract> Abstract; <ack> Acknowledgments; <app> Appendix; <app-group> Appendix Group; <body> Body of the Article; <boxed-text> Boxed Text; <disp-quote> Quote, Displayed; <fig> Figure; <gloss-group> Glossary Group; <glossary> Glossary Elements List; <named-content> Named Special (Subject) Content; <notes> Notes; <p> Paragraph; <ref-list> Reference List (Bibliographic); <sec> Section; <supplementary-material> Supplementary Material; <table-wrap> Table Wrapper; <trans-abstract> Translated Abstract
... <body> ... <p>The participants understood the purpose of their peer response groups to be finding mistakes or problems in each other’s essays. ...Clara, one of the Chinese-speakers, explains why she no longer believes the initial positive comments: <speech> <speaker>S:</speaker> <p>I think Aeenoy start this way. I think she always do this way, like say some good thing first. And then I know the bad thing is coming.</p> </speech> <speech> <speaker>I:</speaker> <p>So, why doe she do that?</p> </speech> <speech> <speaker>S:</speaker> <p>I think it gives somebody self-esteem ...</p></speech> </p> ... </body> ... </back> </article>