Role or Function Title of Contributor

The title or role of a contributor (such as an author) to a work, for example, “Editor-in-Chief”, “Contributor”, “Chief Scientist”, “Photographer”, “Research Associate”, etc.


Information on the role or type of contribution is collected in two places, in the @contrib-type attribute on the <contrib> element and in the <role> element (which is part of the contributor information inside a <contrib> element). For example, the <contrib> element’s @contrib-type attribute might have a value of “editor”, whereas the content of the <role> element could be “Associate Editor”. As another example, the <contrib> element’s @contrib-type attribute might be “author”, and the <role> element might contain “Principle Author”.

The <role> element is more likely to appear on screen or in print than the <contrib> element’s @contrib-type attribute value.


content-type Type of Content

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  role         (#PCDATA %role-elements;)*                   >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<collab>, <contrib>, <contrib-group>, <element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>

Example 1

Inside article metadata:

<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital 
care for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff id="StLukes">Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 
<aff id="RoyalInf">
Academic Section of Geriatric Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow 
G4 0SF</aff>
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British 
Medical Journal</copyright-statement>
<copyright-holder>British Medical Journal</copyright-holder>
<p>To examine the effectiveness of day hospital attendance 
in prolonging independent living for elderly people.</p>

Example 2

In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<given-names>D. H.</given-names></name>
<given-names>T. A.</given-names></name>
<role>managing directors</role>
<source>Wildlife habitat relationships in Oregon
and Washington</source>
<publisher-loc>Corvallis, Oregon, USA</publisher-loc>
<publisher-name>Oregon State University Press</publisher-name>

Example 3

In a mixed-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):

<given-names>D. H.</given-names></name> 
<given-names>T. A.</given-names></name>
</person-group>, <role>managing directors</role>.
<source>Wildlife habitat relationships in Oregon
and Washington</source>.
<publisher-loc>Corvallis, Oregon, USA</publisher-loc>:
<publisher-name>Oregon State University Press</publisher-name>;