Container element for any journal or book series information used in a bibliographic reference (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>)


The <series> element is used in elements that include citation information (<element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <related-article>, <related-object>, <product>) to identify publications that are part of a published series. For example, a publisher may issue a “Nursing References Series” that includes a book on the history of nursing, one on current nursing practices, one on nursing education, and another containing nurses’ professional experiences. The <series> tag is used to capture that “Nursing Reference Series” information.


content-type Type of Content

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  series       (#PCDATA %series-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | bold | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sc | strike | underline | sub | sup)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>

Example 1

In an element-style bibliographic citation (punctuation and spacing removed):

<element-citation publication-type="book" publication-format="print">
<person-group person-group-type="compiler">
<source>A bibliography of recent works on
home health care</source>
<publisher-loc>Lewiston (NY)</publisher-loc>
<publisher-name>Edwin Mellen Press</publisher-name>
<year content-type="copyright-year">2000</year>
<size units="page">184 p</size>
<series>Studies in health and human services; vol.

Example 2

In a mixed-style bibliographic citation (punctuation and spacing preserved):

<mixed-citation publication-type="book" publication-format="print">
<given-names>M</given-names></string-name>, compilers.
<source>A bibliography of recent works on home
health care</source>. <publisher-loc>Lewiston
(NY)</publisher-loc>: <publisher-name>Edwin
Mellen Press</publisher-name>;
&copy;<year content-type="copyright-year">2000</year>.
<size units="page">184 p</size>. (<series>Studies
in health and human services; vol. 37</series>).