Page Ranges


Used in the description of a related or cited journal article, <page-range> is a container element for additional page information to record discontinuous pages ranges, such as “8-11, 14-19, 40” (i.e., a cited article begins on page 8, runs through 11, skips to pages 14 through 19, and concludes on page 40.


The <page-range> element only supplements other page elements and DOES NOT replace <fpage> and <lpage>. The <fpage> element and the <lpage> element (where available) should always be tagged; infrastructures for linking references across publishers (such as that of CrossRef) use first and last page information on an article as part of their identification process. Accordingly, material with a page range should be tagged:

         <page-range>8-11, 14-19, 40</page-range>

Related Elements

A number of elements in the Suite relate to page numbers:

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  page-range   (#PCDATA)                                    >


Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:

<citation> Citation; <related-article> Related Article Information; <related-object> Related Object Information

Tagged Example

<person-group person-group-type="author">
<article-title>Designing information-abundant web 
sites: issues and recommendations</article-title>
<source>Web Developers' Journal</source>
<issue-title>World Wide Web Usability</issue-title>
<page-range>100-101, 105, 107-120</page-range>