The surname of a person
If there is only one name, for example, “Cher” or “Pele”, that is considered to be a surname for consistency purposes. This is more accurate than using <string-name> because the single name acts as a surname for identification purposes.
Conversion Note: The <name> is one of the few in this tag set to require a specific element sequence. The idea was that names would be converted to this sequence during import conversion. If the name parts are unknown or untagged, put the whole name within the Surname element (<surname>), for example, <surname>Prince Charles</surname>. The tag abuse of overloading the <surname> tag is likely to lead to better searching in a repository than merely leaving the person’s name untagged.
<!ELEMENT surname (#PCDATA %surname-elements;)* >
Any combination of:
In a bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):
...<ref-list> <title>References</title> <ref id="bid.41"> <label>1</label> <citation> <person-group> <name><surname>Olson</surname><given-names>M</given-names></name> ... </person-group> <article-title>A common language for physical mapping of the human genome</article-title> <source>Science</source> <year>1989</year> <volume>245</volume> <issue>4925</issue> <fpage>1434</fpage> <lpage>1435</lpage> <pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">2781285</pub-id> </citation> </ref> </ref-list>...
In a bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):
...<ref-list> <title>References</title> <ref id="B8"><label>8</label> <citation> <name><surname>Weissert</surname> <given-names>W</given-names></name>, <name><surname>Livieratos</surname> <given-names>B</given-names> </name>. <article-title>Effects and costs of day-care services for the chronically ill: a randomized experiment</article-title>. <source>Medical Care</source> <year>1980</year>; <volume>18</volume>: <fpage>567</fpage>–<lpage>584</lpage>. <pub-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">WES-6772889</pub-id>. </citation> </ref> </ref-list>...