Within a bibliographic reference (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>), the title of a journal, book, conference proceedings, etc. that contains (is the source of) the material that is being cited


content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

Within a bibliographic reference (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>), the <source> element is the title of the publication being referenced, such as a journal or a book. For journal citations, the title of the article being cited is tagged as <article-title>. For books, if a chapter is being cited, its title is tagged as <chapter-title>.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  source       (#PCDATA %source-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | bold | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | email | ext-link | multi-link | uri | named-content | styled-content | sub | sup)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>

Example 1

In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<ref id="bid.41">
<article-title>A common language for physical mapping
of the human genome</article-title>
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">2781285</pub-id>

Example 2

In a mixed-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):

<ref id="B8"><label>8. </label> 
</string-name>. <article-title>Effects and costs of 
day-care services for the chronically ill: a randomized 
experiment</article-title>. <source>Medical Care</source>:
<year>1980</year>; <volume>18</volume>;
<pub-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">WES-6772889</pub-id>.