Role or Function Title of Contributor


The title or role of a contributor (such as an author) to a work, for example, “Editor-in-Chief”, “Contributor”, “Chief Scientist”, “Photographer”, “Research Associate”, etc.


Information on the role or type of contribution is collected in two places, in the contrib-type attribute on the <contrib> element and in the <role> element (which is part of the contributor information inside a <contrib> element). For example, the <contrib> element’s contrib-type attribute might have a value of “editor”, whereas the content of the <role> element could be “Associate Editor”. As another example, the <contrib> element’s contrib-type attribute might be “author”, and the <role> element might contain “Principal Author”.

The <role> element is also more likely to appear on screen or in print than the <contrib> element’s contrib-type attribute value.

Model Description

Any combination of:

Tagged Example

<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">...</article-id>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<xref ref-type="aff" rid="StLukes"/>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>John G.</given-names></name>
<role>consultant physician</role>
<xref ref-type="aff" rid="RoyalInf"/>
<author-comment><p>on behalf of the Day Hospital
<aff id="StLukes">
<sup><italic>a</italic></sup>Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5
<aff id="RoyalInf">
<sup><italic>b</italic></sup>Academic Section
of Geriatric Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow
G4 0SF</aff>
<pub-date pub-type="pub">...