Contributor Group


Wrapper element for information concerning a grouping of contributors, such as primary authors. These are contributors who worked individually, not as a group.


Not to be confused with the element <collab>, which is used for groups of authors who are credited under a single name, either as a collaboration in the strictest sense, or when an organization, institution, or a corporation is given as a contributor.

Related Elements

This element is for grouping contributors in the metadata of an article. The <person-group> element performs a similar function of grouping contributors, such as authors and editors, within bibliographic references (<citation> and <nlm-citation>).

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  contrib-group
                        %contrib-group-model;                        >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<article-meta> Article Metadata

Tagged Example

<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">...</article-id>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<xref ref-type="aff" rid="StLukes"/>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>John G.</given-names></name>
<role>consultant physician</role>
<xref ref-type="aff" rid="RoyalInf"/>
<author-comment><p>on behalf of the Day Hospital 
<aff id="StLukes">
<sup><italic>a</italic></sup>Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 
<aff id="RoyalInf">
<sup><italic>b</italic></sup>Academic Section
of Geriatric Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow 
G4 0SF</aff>
<pub-date pub-type="pub">...</pub-date>