A section-like container element for a section of notes that may appear, for example, at the end of an <article> or as part of the article back matter


A typical end-of-article note is a “Note in Proof”. A Note in Proof contains late-breaking news items or other material produced while the article was being typeset or was otherwise in production, that therefore happened too late to be included in the text of the article. This is typically NOT peer-reviewed content, and citations to other material within such content are usually integrated into the text or put inside the last paragraph, not listed separately in a bibliographic reference list <ref-list>.


id Identifier
notes-type Type of Notes

Related Elements

Not to be confused with the general notes and footnotes that can appear at the bottom of a table (<table-wrap>), these should be tagged as ordinary paragraphs and footnotes inside a <table-wrap-foot> container element.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  notes        %notes-model;                                >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<back> Back Matter; <front> Front Matter; <journal-meta> Journal Metadata

Tagged Example

<sec><title>Note Added in Proof</title>
<p>Similar sequence information has been obtained in another study (S. Mishiro,
personal communication) and has been deposited under GenBank accession numbers
&#x2013;. For the purposes of HBV nomenclature, we have proposed that the
chimpanzee HBV be abbreviated as ChHBV.</p>