Translated Title

An article title (<article-title>) that has been translated into a language other than that of the original article title


Within a bibliographic reference (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>), the <trans-title> element contains the title of a cited article, but with the article title given in a different language from that given in the <article-title> element. For example, if an article is originally in French, the <article-title> element would contain the French title, and the <trans-title> might contain, for example, the equivalent English title.

Translated book titles in bibliographic references are tagged with the <trans-source> element.

Within bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>), translated subtitles should be tagged with the translated titles.

Within the article metadata, a grouping element (<trans-title-group>) has been added to keep related <trans-title>s and <trans-subtitle>s together. Best practice is now to place the language attribute (@xml:lang) on the group <trans-title-group>. In bibliographic references — which do not allow <trans-title-group> — the @xml:lang attribute must be included on the <trans-title> element.

This element (<trans-title>), when used within <journal-meta>, has been significantly remodeled in version 3.0 of the Tag Set. The values and/or usage in version 3.0 are not backward-compatible with that in previous versions of the Tag Set. Specifically, in prior versions, the <trans-title> element was allowed outside the (new) <trans-title-group> container element.


content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

There are several elements concerned with the title of an article, all contained within the container element <title-group> in the article metadata. The <article-title> is the full title of the article in the original language of the document. The <subtitle> is a subordinate or auxiliary title that adds information to the full title or modifies the full title. The <alt-title> is another version of an article title, usually created so that the title can be processed in a special way, for example, a short version of the title for use in a Table of Contents, an ASCII title, or a version of the title to be used in the right-running-head. The element <trans-title-group> is also a container element, inside the <title-group>, that holds together a translated title (<trans-title>) and its translated subtitle (<trans-subtitle>).

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  trans-title  (#PCDATA %title-elements;)*                  >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | bold | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | break)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>, <trans-title-group>


<article-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">0002792-200209170-00001</article-id>
<article-title>Quebec's Bill 114</article-title>
<trans-title-group  xml:lang="fr">
<trans-title>La Loi 114 du Qu&eacute;bec</trans-title>
<pub-date pub-type="pub">
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 2001, The Canadian Medical
<p>When 51-year-old Claude Dufresne, experiencing his second myocardial
infarction, arrived ...</p>
<trans-abstract xml:lang="fr">
<p>Claude Dufresne, 51 ans, en proie &agrave; son deuxi&egrave;me
infarctus du myocarde, est arriv&eacute; trop tard de six minutes
&agrave; l&apos;urgence du Centre hospitalier du Centre-de-la-Mauricie,
h&ocirc;pital de 142 lits de Shawinigan- Sud. Les portes de
l&apos;urgence &eacute;taient en effet ferm&eacute;es pour la nuit,
parce qu&apos;aucun des 60 m&eacute;decins de famille ou internistes
de l&apos;h&ocirc;pital n&apos;&eacute;tait disponible pour assurer
le service. M. Dufresne est d&eacute;c&eacute;d&eacute; en chemin
vers la salle d&apos;urgence ouverte la plus pr&egrave;s, &agrave;
quelque 30 minutes de l&agrave;.</p>