An abbreviation or acronym used in the text of a document, possibly including an expansion of the acronym
The linking attributes (with the standard XLink attributes) may be used to provide a live link to an expansion, definition, or additional explanation.
Conversion Note: Abbreviations, while common in STM books, are rarely tagged in the STM journal world, and will not be present in many journal tag sets. Thus, converted material cannot rely on acronyms and abbreviations being recognized unless special processing is added to recognize them. This element is expected to be quite rarely used.
This element was added explicitly to meet “Checkpoint 4.3 Annotate complex, abbreviated, or unfamiliar information with summaries and definitions” from the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 working draft (22 August 2002).
<!ELEMENT abbrev (#PCDATA %abbrev-elements;)* >
(#PCDATA | def)*
Any combination of:
<addr-line>, <alt-title>, <article-title>, <attrib>, <award-id>, <bold>, <collab>, <comment>, <conf-theme>, <def-head>, <element-citation>, <funding-source>, <italic>, <license-p>, <meta-value>, <mixed-citation>, <monospace>, <named-content>, <overline>, <p>, <preformat>, <product>, <roman>, <sans-serif>, <sc>, <strike>, <styled-content>, <sub>, <subtitle>, <sup>, <supplement>, <td>, <term>, <term-head>, <th>, <title>, <trans-subtitle>, <trans-title>, <underline>, <verse-line>
... <article-meta> <article-categories>...</article-categories> <title-group> <article-title>The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (<abbrev>DASH</abbrev>) outcome questionnaire: longitudinal construct validity and measuring self-rated health change after surgery</article-title> </title-group> <contrib-group>...</contrib-group> ... <permissions> <copyright-statement>©2003 Gummesson et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.</copyright-statement> <copyright-year>2003</copyright-year> <license license-type="open-access"> <license-p>This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying ...</license-p> </license> </permissions> <abstract> <p><bold>Background:</bold> The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (<abbrev>DASH</abbrev>) questionnaire is a self-administered region-specific outcome instrument developed as a measure of self-rated upper-extremity disability and symptoms. The <abbrev>DASH</abbrev> consists mainly of a 30-item disability/symptom scale, scored 0 (no disability) to 100. The main purpose of this study was to assess the <italic>longitudinal construct validity</italic> of the <abbrev>DASH</abbrev> among patients undergoing surgery. The second phase purpose was to quantify self-rated <italic>treatment effectiveness</italic> after surgery.</p> ... </abstract> </article-meta> ...