Reference List (Bibliographic Reference List)


List of references (citations) for an article, which is often called “References”, “Bibliography”, or “Additional Reading”


No distinction is made between lists of cited references and lists of suggested references.

Authoring Note: The optional paragraph-level elements after the title allow for those rare cases where there is explanatory material inside the list, preceding the references. There may also be similar explanatory material inside each reference group. However, explanatory material that is outside a citation, for example, preceding a citation or between citations, will need to be relocated inside one of the citations.

Model Description

The following, in order:

Tagged Example

<p>Geriatric day hospitals developed rapidly in the United Kingdom in the 
1960s as an important component of care provision. ... 
Although there is considerable descriptive literature on day hospital 
care,<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B1">1</xref> concern has been expressed 
that evidence for effectiveness is equivocal and that day hospital care 
is expensive.<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B2">2</xref> ...</p>...
<ref id="B1"><label>1</label>
<collab>Research Unit of the Royal 
College of Physicians and British
Geriatric Society</collab>
<source>Geriatric day hospitals: their role 
and guidelines for good
<ref id="B2">...</ref>