Article Subtitle


The subordinate name of a journal component such as an article


Conversion Note: This may be a rarely used metadata element within the journal metadata, as many journal DTDs choose not to recognize subtitles, placing both the title and the subtitle information into the article title element (<article-title>).

Conversion Note: Within a bibliographic reference element (<citation>), the subtitle is never tagged and must be subsumed within another title element. A subtitle in a citation should become part of the Article Title <article-title> element or the Source <source> element, which is used for book titles, proceedings title, and other titles.


xml:lang Language

Related Elements

There are several elements concerned with the title of an article, all contained within the wrapper element <title-group> in the article metadata. The <article-title> is the full title of the article in the original language of the document. The <subtitle> is a subordinate or auxiliary title that adds information to the full title or modifies the full title. The <alt-title> is another version of an article title, usually created so that the title can be processed in a special way, for example, a short version of the title for use in a Table of Contents, an ASCII title, or a version of the title to be used in the right-running-head. The <trans-title> is a version of the title translated into a language other than the original language of publication, and the <trans-subtitle> is a version of the subtitle translated into a language other than the original language.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  subtitle     (#PCDATA %title-elements;)*                  >


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<title-group> Title Group

Tagged Example

<article-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">1641</article-id>
<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">11598180</article-id>
<article-title>Adaptins<xref ref-type="fn" rid="FN206">dbox</xref>
<subtitle>The Final Recount</subtitle>
<fn id="FN206" symbol="dbox">
<p>Online version of this essay contains
supplemental tabular material. Online version is available at