Role or Function Title of Contributor


The title or role of a contributor (such as an author) to a work, for example, “Editor-in-Chief”, “Contributor”, “Chief Scientist”, “Photographer”, “Research Associate”, etc.


Information on the role or type of contribution is collected in two places: in the contrib-type attribute on the <contrib> element, and in the <role> element (which is part of the contributor information inside a <contrib> element). For example, the <contrib> element’s contrib-type attribute might have a value of “editor”, whereas the content of the <role> element could be “Associate Editor”. As another example, the <contrib> element’s contrib-type attribute might be “author”, and the <role> element might contain “Principal Author”.

The <role> element is more likely to appear on screen or in print than the <contrib> element’s contrib-type attribute value.

Related Elements

This element joins the related element <on-behalf-of> in describing the contribution of a contributor. The <role> element will say that a person is an “Editor” or “Associate Editor”, and the <on-behalf-of> element will state that this editing was undertaken as a representative of a group or organization. Although not considered best practice, work on behalf of a group may be tagged using the <role> element in some instances; see Remarks for <on-behalf-of> for a more detailed discussion.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  role         (#PCDATA %role-elements;)*                   >


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<citation> Citation; <contrib> Contributor; <contrib-group> Contributor Group; <related-article> Related Article Information; <related-object> Related Object Information

Tagged Example

<contrib contrib-type="author" rid="StLukes">
<given-names>John Jacob</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<contrib contrib-type="author" rid="RoyalInf">
<given-names>Sally B.</given-names></name>
<role>consultant physician</role>
<author-comment><p>in addition to her role as consulting 
physician on this project, Dr. Smithson owns trains the 
therapy dog used in the experiments</p></author-comment>