Wrapper element to contain the information (such as name and affiliation) about a single contributor to an article, for example, one author


Conversion Note: In a typical case, the id attribute of an contributor’s affiliation (<aff>), correspondence information (<corresp>), or any footnote in the author note group will be pointed to by one or more Contributor <contrib> elements, thereby linking the two.

However, in those instances in which a symbol or some other mechanism denotes a relationship between a contributor and his/her affiliation, correspondence information, etc., use <xref> to point to the affiliation (<aff>), the corresponding information (<corresp>), or footnote in the author note group.


contrib-type Type of Contribution
corresp Corresponding Author
deceased Deceased
equal-contrib Equal Contribution
id Identifier
rid Reference to an Identifier
xlink:actuate Actuating the Link
xlink:href Href (Linking Mechanism)
xlink:role Role of the Link
xlink:show Showing the Link
xlink:title Title of the Link
xlink:type Type of Link
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration

Related Elements

Use the Collaborative (Group) Author <collab> element for contributions by organizations or groups of people. Use the <on-behalf-of> element within the contributor information to indicate that a person has written as a representative of (on behalf of) an organization or group.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  contrib      %contrib-model;                              >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<contrib-group> Contributor Group

Tagged Example

<book-id pub-id-type="other">handbook</book-id>
<book-title>The NCBI Handbook</book-title>
<contrib contrib-type="editor" rid="bid.m.1">
<contrib contrib-type="editor" rid="bid.m.1">
<aff id="bid.m.1">
<institution>National Center for Biotechnology Information 
(NCBI), National Library of Medicine, National Institutes 
of Health</institution>, 
<addr-line>Bethesda, MD 20892-6510</addr-line>
<publisher-name>National Center for Biotechnology Information 
(NCBI), National Library of Medicine, National Institutes 
of Health</publisher-name>
<publisher-loc>Bethesda, MD</publisher-loc></publisher>
<fig-count count="98"/>
<table-count count="40"/>
<equation-count count="0"/>
<ref-count count="115"/>
<page-count count="532"/>
<word-count count="149852"/>