Volume Number

Number of a journal (or other document) within its series


For a detailed discussion on the use of <volume>, see Ordinal Numbers.

The <volume> element is used in two contexts: 1) as a part of the metadata describing a book itself, and 2) as part of a description of a cited work inside a bibliographic reference (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>).


content-type Type of Content
seq Sequence

Related Elements

The related <volume-id> element is used to record an identifier, such as a DOI, that describes an entire volume of a journal.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  volume       (#PCDATA %volume-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | bold | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | named-content | styled-content | sub | sup)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<book-meta>, <book-part-meta>, <element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>

Example 1

In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<ref id="bid.41">
<article-title>A common language for physical mapping
of the human genome</article-title>
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">2781285</pub-id>

Example 2

In a mixed-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):

<ref id="B8"><label>8. </label> 
</string-name>. <article-title>Effects and costs of 
day-care services for the chronically ill: a randomized 
experiment</article-title>. <source>Medical Care</source>:
<year>1980</year>; <volume>18</volume>;
<pub-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">WES-6772889</pub-id>.