A textual unit or block; a textual paragraph


This element does not have to be a well-formed paragraph as defined in high school English class, i.e., “a block of text representing a single idea, typographically differentiated from its neighbors”. Rather, the element <p> is a block (as opposed to inline) structural unit which may be only a few words in length.


content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xml:lang Language

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  p            (#PCDATA %p-elements;)*                      >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | address | alternatives | array | boxed-text | chem-struct-wrap | fig | fig-group | graphic | media | preformat | supplementary-material | table-wrap | table-wrap-group | disp-formula | disp-formula-group | element-citation | mixed-citation | nlm-citation | bold | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | award-id | funding-source | open-access | chem-struct | inline-formula | inline-graphic | private-char | def-list | list | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group | fn | target | xref | sub | sup)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<abstract>, <ack>, <annotation>, <app>, <app-group>, <author-comment>, <author-notes>, <bio>, <body>, <boxed-text>, <caption>, <def>, <disp-quote>, <fig>, <fn>, <glossary>, <list-item>, <note>, <notes>, <open-access>, <ref-list>, <sec>, <speech>, <statement>, <supplementary-material>, <table-wrap-foot>, <trans-abstract>

Example 1

<p content-type="disclaimer"><italic>The information
and/or opinions expressed in this Guest Editorial are
those of the author(s). They are neither endorsed nor
disputed by <roman>Prescribing Physician</roman> or
the Pharma-Physician Coalition.  Questions about or
comments on this editorial&rsquo;s content should be
directed to the corresponding author.</italic></p>

Example 2

<sec sec-type="intro">
<p>Geriatric day hospitals developed rapidly in the United Kingdom in the 1960s
as an important component of care provision. The model has since been widely
applied in several Western countries. Day hospitals provide multidisciplinary
assessment and rehabilitation in an outpatient setting and have a pivotal
position between hospital and home based services. Although there is
considerable descriptive literature on day hospital care,<xref ref-type="bibr"
rid="B1">1</xref> concern has been expressed that evidence for effectiveness is
equivocal and that day hospital care is expensive.<xref ref-type="bibr"
rid="B2">2</xref> We therefore undertook a systematic review of the randomised
trials of day hospital care.</p>
<sec sec-type="methods">
<p>The primary question addressed was ...</p>
<title>Inclusion criteria</title>
<p>We set out to identify all ...</p>
<title>Search strategy</title>
<p>We searched for ...</p>