When a contributor is acting as a representative of an organization, he/she is said to have written or edited a work “on behalf of” that organization or group, and this element holds the name of the organization or group.
The contributor writing on-behalf-of may also have a separate, different affiliation. For example, a physician affiliated with Johns Hopkins Hospital writing for the National Cancer Institute would be tagged as:
<on-behalf-of>National Cancer Institute</on-behalf-of>
and the physician’ affiliation would be tagged as usual as
<aff>Johns Hopkins Hospital</aff>
The <on-behalf-of> element is akin to a “role” the person is playing with respect to the organization. Thus, this element joins the related element <role> as a way to describe the particular contribution of a contributor. The <role> element will say that a person is an “Editor” or “Associate Editor”, and the <on-behalf-of> element will state that this editing was undertaken as a representative of a group or organization, typically capturing all text associated with the organization (see “for” in the example below):
<contrib> <name><surname>Smith</surname> <given-names>J.D.</given-names> </name> <on-behalf-of>for the Cardiac Research Group</on-behalf-of> </contrib>
Technical Note: Some Tag Sets identify what this Tag Set calls “on-behalf-of” content as a Collaborative (Group) Author or Editor <collab>. In other tag sets, the association “on-behalf-of” may be tagged as a <role> rather than as a specific <on-behalf-of>. It is therefore also acceptable (although no best practice) to tag the example as:
<contrib> <name><surname>Smith</surname> <given-names>J.D.</given-names> </name> <role>for the Cardiac Research Group</role> </contrib>
<!ELEMENT on-behalf-of (#PCDATA %on-behalf-of-elements;)* >
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Any combination of:
... <contrib contrib-type="author"> <name> <surname>Forster</surname> <given-names>Anne</given-names> </name> <role>research physiotherapist</role> <on-behalf-of>Multiple Sclerosis Collaborative Research Group</on-behalf-of> <aff id="StLukes">Department of Health Care for the Elderly, St Luke’s Hospital, Bradford BD5 0NA</aff> </contrib> ...